Over-the-counter Weight Loss Supplements (Hoodia Gordonii, Alli, Avatrim, Herbal Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram)

There are numerous over-the-counter weightloss pills you should buy which can help you slim down. You won’t need to search significantly. A lot of your choices are organic. A few of the weight loss supplements you will discover on the shelves incorporate Hoodia gordonii Gordonii, Alli, Avatrim, and Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams from http://phentermine.chasingrainbowsinva.com.
The biggest difficulty many people face when they are attempting to lose weight is fighting off the food cravings pains they’ve got. When they could just see through the minds of food cravings and the requirement of meals, chances are they would successfully have the ability to shed weight. There are many merchandise on the market you can purchase to get to help you with these troubles.
Hoodia Gordonii is commonly utilised right now for losing weight because it has shown connection between good results. The ingredients of such slimming capsules add a seed from Nigeria. It has diet. At first, individuals were not eating guarana to shed pounds however it did present fat loss benefits. Nonetheless, it did turn out to be employed for hunters who will have to go long periods of time with out foods and required to control the discomfort of craving for food as it proved helpful. In order to protect against craving for food pains then Hoodia Gordonii is a superb treatment for unwanted weight reduction regimen.
Alli is really a diet pill you can aquire over the counter plus it gives people precisely the same outcomes as Xenical, that is given by doctors for losing weight. Alli does not reduce your appetite. The dietary plan tablet is for people who are not able to give up eating. This contraceptive operates by enabling you to consume what you want and halting the body from soaking up fat deposits within the food you are eating. It prevents your digestive system from soaking up body fat and stopping it from your method.
Fairly when we diet program their metabolic rate has a jump and thus do their stamina. Therefore folks encounter fatigue since their is failing to get the nutritional supplements it needs for electricity. One’s metabolism also slows down in accordance with the amount of meals you’re eating. This means that this a smaller amount what you eat, your body begins to get accustomed to it and absorb it appropriately. When you plan to get started on consuming typically again, you instantly achieve excess fat back and possibly a lot more. It is because your body is employed to having so little meals. Avatrim operates by replacing the same with metabolic process can help you burn up energy though you aren’t using them in. It also functions by giving the needed energy you might be absent due to insufficient foodstuff.
Apettite supressant 37.5 mg from http://stgeorgecomfortsuites.com is typically prescribed by doctors to shed pounds. However, these prescription diet pills often incorporate unpleasant substances which may have side effects of making folks ill, light headed, worried and much more. Herbal Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  is the most secure choice for the weight loss supplement if the medical professional would like to recommend for your requirements Phentermine 37.5 milligram . Additionally, you should buy it over a store corner rather than need to have it crammed with a local drugstore.
There are several weightloss pills around that you could consider to shed pounds. You will need a tablet specially targeted to the way your system reacts to your a diet. You don’t have to take a health professional prescribed from a physician. You’ll find them from the retailers and in the shops to buy.

What You Ought To Know About Receiving Pay Day Loans

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Pay day loans are only as serious just like any other kind of personal loan. Should this be your first pay day loan, constantly investigation it quite thoroughly. By doing analysis initial, you will know particularly what you are actually performing. You will discover a great deal of information regarding online payday loans through the post ahead of time.

Pay day loans could have a lots of costs attached to them, so make sure you ask questions regarding the financial loan particulars. You should know the complete expense of the money before taking it. Find out the regulations that your condition imposes on payday loan businesses. Companies skirt these regulations by asking insanely high fees. You could find yourself spending far more than you thought in the long run. This will enable you to figure out if it’s rewarding to have a loan.

The expression of most paydays loans is around 2 weeks, so be sure that you can pleasantly repay the money for the reason that time frame. Failure to repay the money may lead to costly charges, and charges. If you think you will discover a chance which you won’t have the ability to pay it again, it is very best not to get the pay day loan.

Should you not have ample money on your own check out to pay back the borrowed funds, a cash advance organization will inspire anyone to roll the quantity more than. This only will work for the pay day loan company. You may wind up capturing yourself and not being able to repay the loan.

Know all the expenses that come along with a selected payday advance. Most people are really unpleasantly astonished when they find the real charges they experience to the loan. Be strong about asking questions in regards to costs and interest.

Prior to taking out a pay day loan, be sure to comprehend the repayment terminology. These financial loans bring high rates of interest and stiff fees and penalties, along with the costs and penalty charges only raise in case you are past due building a payment. Do not take out a loan prior to totally reviewing and knowing the terminology in order to avoid these problems.

When deciding in case a payday loan fits your needs, you should know how the volume most payday cash loans allows you to obtain will not be too much. Typically, as much as possible you will get coming from a cash advance is all about $1,000. It could be even decrease when your income is not way too high.

There are a few pay day loan firms that are reasonable on their debtors. Take the time to investigate the organization that you might want to consider a loan out with prior to signing something. Most of these businesses do not have your greatest curiosity about imagination. You need to consider your self.

Do not allow a loan provider to speak you into using a new personal loan to repay the balance of your respective past debts. You will definately get caught make payment on costs on not only the initial bank loan, although the second too. They could rapidly speak you into accomplishing this again and again till you pay them over 5 times what you possessed primarily obtained in only service fees.

Steer clear of getting a cash advance except if it really is an urgent situation. The amount that you just pay out in curiosity is very sizeable on these kinds of loans, therefore it is not worth every penny when you are getting one for an daily purpose. Get yourself a financial institution financial loan when it is an issue that can wait around for quite a while.

When investing in a pay day loan, do not borrow more income than you are able to pay for. Don’t borrow additional money than your will need whether or not the financial institution offers it for you. These are just attempting to produce much more fees for their own reasons.

Be aware that a pay day loan is only created for very brief-expression cash solutions. If you often find yourself brief on funds for charges and do not have crisis price savings, you should look at financial debt counseling and looking to apply a budget to deal with your cash.

If you seek a pay day loan, never hesitate to comparison store. Look internet and at on-site areas for the very best package. If you do this, you may find oneself within a better fiscal position.

Receiving all of the specifics is essential just before making a decision on in which to get that loan, things to search for and what you should steer clear of. Hopefully, this article you only read through has resolved your queries and will guide you from the appropriate path in terms of pay day loans have concerns and the best way to greatest assist yourself out.

Be Mindful If Investing in Penny Stocks

There is a huge draw for people who wish to get rich rapidly. They’ll consider everything which means to generate the money devoid of doing a good deal in the process. There’s only one issue – whether or not this sounds far too useful to end up being true, than it typically is usually. A number of people turn to the stock exchange as a way to ensure speedy cash. They think almost all they have to perform is always to provide a stockbroker some cash to speculate and even immediately soon after, you can find yourself which has a pile of money. Penny stocks tend to be precisely what new traders opt for because of the economical cost. Unfortunately, penny stocks are definitely the least difficult for scammers make use of in opposition to you.

Luckily, by following this Link, you can learn quite a lot concerning these kinds of stocks and options. You will end up suggested to only purchase from respected brokerages. It truly is particularly important to Learn More just before spending money. Most of these stocks and options are perfect for starting shareholders, but because fortunately they are the easiest to fraud, one should be quite persistent. Penny stocks, any time picked carefully, could be an extremely good return on your money – and in a short time. Find a stockbroker with a great standing and buy today.

Here’s What You Must Learn About Payday Loans

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It doesn’t have to become terrifying expertise through taking out payday loans. You can get pay day loans with out stressing afterwards once you learn what you will be performing. Go through this short article, and discover how you can get rid of your cash advance anxieties.

Before you apply to get a cash advance have your forms as a way this helps the borrowed funds organization, they will likely need to have evidence of your earnings, for them to judge your capability to pay for the loan back again. Take things such as your W-2 form from function, alimony obligations or resistant you are receiving Interpersonal Stability. Make the most efficient case easy for on your own with proper documentation.

You should be aware of the service fees associated with pay day loan. You could tell yourself which you will handle the costs at some point, but these costs could be high. You must have in creating what you will be paying. This needs to be accomplished before you use or indication for anything at all. This may cause positive you merely pay back what you anticipate.

It is usually necessary that you should have a very checking account in order to obtain a payday advance. Most lenders demand authorization for direct payment for your personal loan on its because of particular date. You are able to plan to offer the payment pulled when your salary is settled to the accounts.

Study numerous payday advance firms well before settling using one. There are numerous firms on the market. Some of which may charge you serious costs, and fees in comparison with other alternatives. In fact, some could have short-run special deals, that actually change lives in the sum total. Do your perseverance, and ensure you are acquiring the best deal possible.

Service fees that happen to be bound to online payday loans incorporate many varieties of service fees. You will have to understand the curiosity volume, fees service fees and in case there are actually software and handling fees. These fees may vary involving various creditors, so be sure you explore various loan providers before signing any agreements.

Just before committing to a cash advance, consider to acquire a financial loan from someplace else. Even credit card money improvements typically only expense about $15 + 20% APR for $500, in comparison to $75 in the beginning for a payday advance. Ask loved ones for assistance to see if you can steer clear of getting a payday loan.

When dealing with a pay day financial institution, bear in mind how securely licensed these are. Interest rates are usually legally capped at varying level’s state by condition. Really know what duties they already have and what personal rights that you may have like a customer. Hold the information for regulating federal government places of work handy.

Should you owe money multiple online payday loans, don’t try to consolidate the loans together into one major bank loan. If you are unable to repay tiny financial loans, you won’t be competent at paying off a larger one particular. Find ways to reimburse decrease attention loans in order to get away the pattern.

Ensure you learn about any roll-over when it comes to a cash advance. At times lenders use techniques that recharge overdue lending options after which take costs from the banking account. Worst of all, pay day loan businesses usually cover these particulars in the agreement. This makes it extremely difficult to get out of a pay day loan and can cost you a whole lot in service fees. Know what you are getting into.

You need to get pay day loans from your physical spot as an alternative, of relying on Online sites. This is a good concept, simply because you will know particularly who it is you will be borrowing from. Check the item listings in the area to find out if you will find any creditors near to you before going, and search on the web.

When you are picking a firm to acquire a payday advance from, there are numerous important things to bear in mind. Be certain the business is registered together with the express, and follows condition rules. You need to search for any complaints, or judge process from every company. Additionally, it contributes to their status if, they have been in business for a variety of many years.

Question just what the monthly interest of the cash advance will be. This is significant, since this is the amount you should shell out besides the amount of cash you might be borrowing. You may even wish to research prices and obtain the best rate of interest you can. The lower level you find, the low your full settlement is going to be.

When financial issues affect, it is actually difficult to put your thoughts on other things. Lenders enjoy to benefit from individuals who don’t understand about the category, so you must steer clear of these pitfalls by educating yourself around the financial loans. If you have to have cash fast, be careful about how you get it.

Methods For Making use of Payday Loans In Your Favor

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Nowadays obtaining right behind on expenses is incredibly bothersome. Before very long, the charges will probably be loaded up, so you won’t have enough money to fund all of them. In case you have an unexpected emergency, this article may help you make a decision on if you need to get yourself a payday loan.

When you find yourself thinking of obtaining a quick bank loan you need to be careful to adhere to the terminology and whenever you can offer the funds just before they ask for it. That loan extension will lead to further fascination to make it harder to pay from the subsequent expected day.

One of many ways to ensure that you are getting a pay day loan from your respected loan company is usually to seek out testimonials for a variety of pay day loan organizations. Doing this can help you know the difference legitimate lenders from frauds which can be just attempting to take your cash. Make sure you do adequate investigation.

One of many ways to make sure that you are receiving a payday loan from the reliable financial institution is usually to search for testimonials for a variety of cash advance firms. Carrying out this will help separate authentic lenders from scams that happen to be just looking to take your cash. Ensure you do adequate study.

It really is a error to think that you might be from the crystal clear when you get the pay day loan. It is vital to keep paperwork someplace you will see it, and stay aware of your due time which means you repay it in a timely manner. In the event you don’t pay it by the due date, they can charge a sizable volume in costs.

If you think you have been undertaken advantage of from a cash advance firm, document it quickly for your state government. In the event you delay, you might be hurting your chances for any type of recompense. Too, there are several people out there like you which need true assist. Your revealing of such bad companies will keep other people from possessing related scenarios.

When figuring out if a payday advance is right for you, you have to know that this quantity most online payday loans allows you to borrow is just not excessive. Generally, as much as possible you may get coming from a pay day loan is about $one thousand. It can be even lower should your cash flow is not way too high.

If you wish to find the best shell out time personal loan, find one which is from the lender, not someone that receives funds from yet another bash to give for your needs. You’ll shell out more income when you take care of an indirect lender since they’ll have a reduce.

Remember that you might have a number of rights if you use a pay day loan service. If you feel you might have been treated unfairly by the loan company in any way, you are able to submit a criticism with the condition organization. This can be so that you can pressure those to comply with any guidelines, or situations they fail to meet. Generally read through your contract meticulously. So you know what their commitments are, in addition to your very own.

When filling in an application for any pay day loan, it is best to seek out some kind of writing saying your information will not be marketed or given to anybody. Some paycheck lending sites will offer important information away like your tackle, interpersonal stability number, etc. so be sure you avoid these companies.

Get in touch with the cash advance company if, there is a trouble with the repayment schedule. Whatever you decide to do, don’t disappear. These companies have relatively hostile selections sectors, and can be hard to deal with. Before they consider you delinquent in pay back, just give them a call, and tell them what is going on.

Prevent making judgements about pay day loans from the placement of anxiety. You could be in the center of an economic situation. Feel long, and challenging prior to applying for a pay day loan. Keep in mind, you should pay out it back again, in addition curiosity. Make certain it will be possible to achieve that, so you may not come up with a new turmoil yourself.

As there are normally extra fees and phrases concealed there. Lots of people have the blunder of not carrying out that, and so they wind up owing far more compared to what they lent from the beginning. Make sure that you realize completely, something that you will be putting your signature on.

Exactly like anything else as being a buyer, you have to do your research and check around for the very best opportunities in online payday loans. Be sure to understand all the specifics around the personal loan, so you are receiving the very best rates, conditions along with other situations to your certain financial predicament.

How you can buying your own corner sofa bed and Childrens Furniture

Building Childrens Furntiture
Having glued and joined all T’s and L’s, the next step is to assemble these  joined sections together to complete the basic shape of the piece.
It is best to do this without glue at first, assembling the entire unit with  screws alone. Then, when it is together in good order and you are satisfied that nothing is out of line, take it apart, clean and sand all the pieces to  prepare them for finishing, and reassemble the unit again, this time permanently with glue.
Though this method imposes some extra time and effort on your part, it makes  the sanding operation easier and better, and reassembly  goes  fast and   accurate  witheverything fitting back into place like a glove.
Furniture, in order to have good lines and smooth working drawers and doors, must be squared up during assembly before letting the glue-joined sections dry.
In many cases, a large square will serve to check the accuracy of smaller  joined sections. On larger cabinets with big rectangular compartments, you  can check for squareness by measuring diagonally across the compartment opening  from corner to corner. Note this measurement and then measure the opposite  crossing diagonal in the same manner. You can also do very nice cheap corner sofa beds.
If the cabinet is square, the two measurements will be the same. If the  measurements differ, the piece is not square. To make it square, apply pressure on the corner that has the longer measurement until the cabinet has been  forced into a square shape and both diagonal measurements are the same.
You can make weby nice corner sofa bed with storage from fabric or leather.
Having squared the cabinet, it is a good idea to tack the back panel on next  before making any doors or drawers, or doing any further work. The back panel  will serve to hold the cabinet in shape while adding the rest of the features  and, if necessary, it can be removed temporarily whenever it interferes with  work to be done.

Manage Your Hard Earned Dollars With These Cash Advance Content

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Have you been in needy necessity of some money right up until your following paycheck? If you addressed sure, then the payday loan can be to suit your needs. Nonetheless, just before committing to a payday advance, it is essential that you understand what one particular is centered on. This article is heading to provide the info you need to know before you sign on for the payday advance.

Stay away from dropping in a snare with online payday loans. Theoretically, you might pay the loan back in 1 or 2 days, then go forward with your life. In fact, nonetheless, many individuals do not want to settle the loan, along with the balance keeps rolling onto their up coming income, gathering big levels of interest through the procedure. In such a case, many people enter into the job where they may never ever pay for to pay off the borrowed funds.

If you need to obtain a loan from a payday advance professional, browse around to get the best package. Maybe you are stressed about your circumstance and very quickly to get the income. When you seek out a number of different businesses you can find the best offer on interest. You simply will not devote as much time in the future attempting to make cash to pay back abnormal interest levels.

There are different variables that enjoy into what you can obtain coming from a pay day loan. It depends typically on what amount of cash you are making. Your loaning school will review your income to discover the dimensions of the financing you be eligible for a. Consequently, understand this if you are environment your anticipations for a financial loan.

Just before getting a payday loan, it is essential that you learn in the various kinds of available therefore you know, which are the right for you. Particular pay day loans have diverse plans or demands than the others, so look on the Internet to understand which one is right for you.

Payday cash loans will be helpful in desperate situations, but recognize that you may be billed financial expenses that will equate to nearly 50 percent interest. This huge interest rate can make repaying these personal loans extremely hard. The money is going to be subtracted straight from your income and might pressure you correct into the cash advance office for additional funds.

Prior to applying for any payday loan, ensure that you are aware how high the interest rates could be. Think about borrowing funds from good friends, family members, work or your lender before accepting a pay day loan. You may find it essential to acquire in any case, but no less than you’ll be doing so with the view broad open.

Before you take out a cash advance, be sure you know the pay back terminology. These loans have high rates of interest and inflexible penalties, as well as the charges and charges only boost if you are late setting up a payment. Do not sign up for a loan just before completely examining and learning the terms to prevent these complications.

In case you are having problems repaying a money advance loan, check out the company in which you lent the cash and try to discuss an extension. It may be attractive to publish a check out, looking to beat it towards the financial institution together with your up coming salary, but bear in mind that you will not only be billed additional attention around the original financial loan, but fees for not enough banking institution funds can add up easily, getting you less than much more fiscal anxiety.

Payday cash loans are usually expected in 14 times of taking out the borrowed funds. You will be given a decision to either look at the workplace to get the verify you published and pay for the financial loan away or permit the pay day loan business office to submit the verify you published in your lender for settlement.

Prior to investing in a pay day loan, make sure that the potential company you happen to be borrowing from is registered from your state. In the states, whichever status the business is at, they legitimately need to be accredited. If they are not certified, odds are great they are illegitimate.

You should make sure your report of economic using a payday loan provider is kept in great standing up. There may be need for a future bank loan, which will assist you to have the sum essential then. Use the same organization every time you take a loan.

As It was mentioned at the start of this article, a payday loan could be what you need in case you are currently quick on resources. Even so, be sure that you are informed about online payday loans are very about. This post is intended to assist you for making intelligent payday loan options.

Blown Film Extrusion Introduction

Blown Film Extrusion Introduction
Blown film extrusion is a technology that is the most common method to make plastic films, especially for the packaging industry. The process involves extruding a tube of molten polymer through a die and inflating to several times its initial diameter to form a thin film bubble. This bubble is then collapsed and used as a lay-flat film or can be made into bags. Usually polyethylene is used with this process, and other materials can be used as blends with these polymers. A diagram of a polyethylene chain is shown in Figure 1 to the right.
Background Theory on Polymers

In the cooling step of blown film extrusion, the amorphous, transparent melt crystallizes to form a translucent, hazy, or opaque film. The point where opacity begins in the bubble is known as the frost line. 
Fig 1: Model of polytheylene chain frompolyethylene Wikipedia article.The frost line height is controlled by several parameters: the air flow, film speed, and temperature difference between the film and the surroundings. Properties of the film, such as tensile strength, flexural strength, toughness, and optical properties, drastically change depending on the orientation of the molecules. As the transverse or hoop direction properties increase, the machine or longitudinal direction properties decrease. For instance, if all the molecules were aligned in the machine direction, it would be easy to tear the film in that direction, and very difficult in the transverse direction.

The Film Blowing machine Process

Fig 2: Schematic of set-up from User:J.Chiang.

Typically, blown film extrusion is carried out vertically upwards, however horizontal and downward extrusion processes are now becoming more common. Figure 2 shows a schematic of the set-up for blown film extrusion. This procedure consists of four main steps: The polymer material starts in a pellet form, which are successively compacted and melted to form a continuous, viscous liquid. This molten plastic is then forced, or extruded, through an annular die. Air is injected through a hole in the center of the die, and the pressure causes the extruded melt to expand into a bubble. The air entering the bubble replaces air leaving it, so that even and constant pressure is maintained to ensure uniform thickness of the film. The bubble is pulled continually upwards from the die and a cooling ring blows air onto the film. The film can also be cooled from the inside using internal bubble cooling. This reduces the temperature inside the bubble, while maintaining the bubble diameter. After solidification at the frost line, the film moves into a set of nip rollers which collapse the bubble and flatten it into two flat film layers. The puller rolls pull the film onto windup rollers. The film passes through idler rolls during this process to ensure that there is uniform tension in the film. Between the nip rollers and the windup rollers, the film may pass through a treatment centre, depending on the application. During this stage, the film may be slit to form one or two films, or surface treated. Advantages Blown film generally has a better balance of mechanical properties than cast or extruded films because it is drawn in both the transverse and machine directions. Mechanical properties of the thin film include tensile and flexural strength, and toughness. The nearly uniform properties in both directions allow for maximum toughness in the film.
Blown film extrusion can be used to make one large film, two smaller ones, or tubes that can be made into bags. Also, one die can make many different widths and sizes without significant trimming. This high level of flexibility in the process leads to less scrap material and higher productivity. Blown films also require lower melting temperatures than cast extrusion. Measured at the die opening, the temperature of cast film is about 220 C, where as the temperature of blown film is about 135 C. Furthermore, the cost of the equipment is approximately 50% of a cast line.

Blown Film Extrusion Disadvantages Blown film has a less effective cooling process than flat film. Flat film cooling is done by means of chill rolls or water, which have significantly higher specific heat capacities than the air that is used in the blown film cooling process. The higher specific heat capacity allows the substance to absorb more heat with less change in the substance temperature. Compared to cast film, blown film has a more complicated and less accurate method to control film thickness; cast film has a thickness variation of 1 to 2% versus the 3 to 4% for blown film. The resins used for casting typically have a lower melt flow index, which is the amount of polymer that can be forced through a standard die in 10 minutes according to a standard procedure. The melt flow index for cast film is about 5.0 g/10 min where as for blown film it is about 1.0 g/10 min. Consequently, the production rates for cast film are higher: cast film lines can reach production rates of up to 300m/min where as blown film lines are usually less than half this value. And finally, cast film has better optical properties, including transparency, haze, and gloss.

Common Problems Air entrapment between film layers and rollers – this may cause film scratching or wrinkling, or processing problems when winding up the film due to reduced friction. Possible solutions to this is using a vacuum to remove entrapped air or by using winding rolls with a diamond shaped groove in the rubber cover to increase surface area and decrease amount of entrapped air in the film. Large output fluctuations from the die – this causes thickness variations, and can be prevented by keeping the extruder clean and by using more consistently shaped pellets in the extruder. Melt fractures – these appear as roughness or wavy lines on the film surface, and can be eliminated by lowering the viscosity of the polymer melt. This can be done by increasing the melting temperature or by adding an internal lubricant to the material composition. Thickness variations in the film – this can be avoided by centering the die in the extrusion line before every run, adjusting the air speed of the cooling system, or by using heated die lips. Die lines on the surface of the film – this defect reduces the aesthetic appeal of the film, reduces optical properties, and weakens mechanical properties such as tear strength. This can usually be avoided by routinely cleaning the inner surfaces of the die and by refinishing scratched or roughened flow surfaces. Gels – these defects are small, hard globules encapsulated in the film or stuck on the film surface and reduce the aesthetic appeal of the film and cause stress concentration points which may result in premature failure. These are caused by overheating to the point of polymer degradation in the die, and can therefore be avoided by cleaning the inner surfaces of the die on a regular basis. Optimization of the Process Coextrusion One way to improve the line efficiency of blown film extrusion is to implement coextrusion. This is the process of extruding two or more materials simultaneously through a single die. The orifices in the die are arranged such that the layers merge together before cooling. This process saves time because it extrudes two or more layers at the same time, and it provides a method with fewer steps to produce multilayer films. The production rate for a coextruded multilayer film of three layers is about 65m/min, and the production rate for a single layer of blown film is about 130m/min. Thus, in order to produce 10 000m of a three layer multilayer film, it would take almost 4 hours using a single layer blown film process, and only 2 and a half hours using the coextrusion process. Furthermore, the film produced from the single layer process would require an extra step to glue the layers together using some sort of adhesive. Coextrusion is the least expensive means of producing layered films and the coextrusion system is capable of quick changeovers to minimize production line down time.

Minimizing the Melt Temperature
The efficiency of blown film extrusion can be improved by minimizing the temperature of the polymer melt. Reduction of the melt temperature causes the melt to require less heating in the extruder. Normal extrusion conditions have a melting temperature at about 190 C despite the fact that the temperature of the melt only needs to be about 135 C. However, it is not always practical to decrease the melting temperature by that much. By decreasing the melt temperature 2 to 20 C, the motor load can be decreased by about 1 to 10%. Furthermore, reduction of the melt temperature causes less need for cooling, so there is a reduced use of the cooling system. Moreover, removing heat from the bubble is usually the rate-limiting factor in this extrusion process, so by having less heat in the polymer to remove, the rate of the process can be increased, thus yielding higher productivity. A way to maintain the melt temperature at a minimum is to choose an extruder that is matched to the specific processing conditions, such as the material of the melt, pressure, and throughput.

Heated Extrusion Die Lips
Typically, solutions to melt fractures involve decreasing the output or increasing the melt temperature to decrease the shear stress in the extruder. Both of these methods are not ideal because they both reduce the efficiency of the blown film line. Heated extrusion die lips can solve this problem. This targeted heating method allows for film extruders to be run at higher production rates with narrower die gaps while eliminating melt fractures. Direct heat is applied to the surface of the polymer melt as it exits the die so that viscosity is reduced. Therefore, melt fractures, which are caused when trying to extrude too much of the polymer at one time, will no longer act as a limiting factor to increasing the production rate. Furthermore, heated die lips use less energy than increasing the melting temperature because only the surface of the melt is heated and not the bulk of the liquid. Another benefit of using heated die lips is that thickness variations can be controlled by adding heat to certain areas along the die circumference to make the film at that position thinner. This would ensure that no excess material is used.
Determine how much energy each of these processes can save per given volume of material. 

Above article from www.appropedia.org

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Athens – What To See And How To See It


There are so many aspects of current civilization that were birthed in ancient Athens. Among these are theatre, philosophy, democracy, classical art and even the Olympic games. Athens is located on the southern coast of Greece and has existed for over 7,000 years providing a rich culture expressed in a diverse setting. The term diverse fits as you will find ancient relics and sites in some of the same areas where there are trendy boutiques and sidewalk cafes all mixed in together. This mixture of the very old and the new create a very unique experience provided nowhere in the world like it is provided in the ancient city of Athens. You will need to be sure your passport is up to day so if you need to add passport pages, be sure to go online and access a passport site to help you with this so you can be on you way.

World travel requires a passport but computers have simplified all passport needs. Even if you have to get an emergency passport, an online passport is available to help you. No one plans to have their travel documents lost or stolen but if this happens, help is as close as the nearest computer.

Athens is a city that contains many sites that make history come alive so this is certainly the ideal place for lovers of history to visit. High on top of the Acropolis you will find the Parthenon. This famous sight has earned the honor of being named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Investigating these ruins takes you back to sights names in Greek Mythology related to gods and goddesses, the titans and many other mythological characters. Admission to this site also opens the Theatre of Dionysus, the Roman Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the traveler.

Being the birthplace of the performing arts, it is no wonder that the arts and culture are very important to the Athenians. While the National Gallery is certainly large and well known, many smaller art galleries populate the city. Athens is also host to approximately 148 theatres so if you are in the mood for a show, the difficult part will be which performance to see. Among the theatres is the famous Herodes Atticus Theatre.

Using a bike or even walking around this city is a wonderful way to see the sights. Green space is always welcome when you travel to big cities and the National Garden of Athens provides an exceptional treat. Within it can be found a small zoo, ponds with ducks, colorful flowers and beautiful landscape with no shortage of a shady tree to relax under and consider the sights of the day.

For those who would like to shop till your drop, your experience will be a little different in Athens. Rather than large malls and strip centers, you will find street vendors selling custom crafts rather than name brand items. Some of the most visited markets are found on Plaka, Kolonaki and Ermou Street. You will find endless selections of shoes, purses and jewelry if you visit here and the quality will certainly not disappoint you.

Authentic cuisine is always interesting in a foreign city and Athens is no exception to this rule. Known for their souvlaki, which is comprised of grilled meat, veggies and a special yogurt sauce, this Athenian staple is considered a treat by all who try it.


Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi


Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.